Does diabetes in cats cause diarrhea?
The pancreas is responsible for production of digestive enzymes as well as insulin. When a cat becomes deficient in digestive enzymes, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) may occur. Symptoms include diarrhea, frequent or large bowel movements, pale-colored stool, weight loss, and vomiting.
Do cats with diabetes cough?
The most common clinical sign is a harsh, dry cough, which may be followed by retching and gagging. There might be other clinical signs, i.e. loss of appetite and fever.
What type of insulin is best for cats?
The most effective treatment for achieving excellent glycemic control is insulin, with several types available for use in cats. Lente insulin is an intermediate-acting insulin. Caninsulin or Vetsulin (Merck Animal Health) is a porcine-derived lente insulin licensed for use in cats in many countries.
When to use glargine bid or SID for diabetic cats?
Poorly controlled or unstable diabetic cats (glargine’s long duration of action is likely to benefit these cats) When SID dosing is desired or demanded (It is important to note that better glycaemic control and higher remission rates will be obtained with BID dosing. SID dosing only provides similar control and remission rates to lente BID)
Can a diabetic cat go into remission with glargine?
Some cats that have been treated with other insulin will go into remission, usually within 1-4 months after instituting glargine. Remission in cats that have been treated for more than 2 years is extremely rare. More accurate dosing may be achieved using 0.3ml U-100 insulin syringes.
What should blood glucose be for Cats on glargine?
With the long duration of action of glargine, there should be minimal periods when blood glucose is >14mmol/L for cats treated for more than 2 to 3 weeks, and hence well controlled cats should almost always be 0 or 1+ for urine glucose. A value 2+ or greater likely indicates that an increase in dose is required.
How long does it take for a diabetic cat to go into remission?
Better glycaemic control is achieved with twice daily dosing rather than once daily. Some cats that have been treated with other insulin will go into remission, usually within 1-4 months after instituting glargine. Remission in cats that have been treated for more than 2 years is extremely rare.
What kind of insulin can you give a cat for diabetes?
Unlike humans with Type II diabetes, oral medications to reduce blood sugar such as glipizide have not shown to be consistently effective in cats. There are multiple types of insulin preparations that can be used for cats in the treatment of diabetes, such as lente insulin (Vetsulin), ProZinc or glargine insulin.
What happens when a diabetic cat is given Lantus?
Newly diagnosed diabetic cats given Lantus as the first insulin have the best chance of remission. This means they may return to being a normal, non-diabetic cat. Lantus means easier control of diabetes, which translates to fewer trips to the vet, which translates to less money spent.
What to do for diabetic cats in remission?
Obese diabetic cats should be fed a diet that promotes 1 to 2% loss of body weight per week. This slow, regulated weight reduction improves insulin sensitivity, may reduce the amount of insulin required, and increases the probability of long-term remission.
How can a veterinarian tell if a cat has diabetes?
Diagnosis. Your veterinarian will diagnose diabetes mellitus by demonstrating persistently elevated glucose levels in a cat’s blood and urine. This testing, along with consistent clinical signs, will lead to the diagnosis of diabetes. A single blood glucose reading in a veterinary clinic may not be sufficient to diagnose diabetes in all cases.