How does a dog get nocardiosis from a cat?
Both dogs and cats may become exposed to the infectious, saphrophytic organism, which nourishes itself from dead or decaying matter in the soil. Typically, the exposure occurs either through open wounds or via inhalation. Symptoms of nocardiosis are largely dependent on the site of infection.
What kind of disease can you get from a rat?
Rats are the natural hosts of the bacterium Streptobacillus moniliformis, which causes rat bite fever in people. Rats carry these bacteria in their upper respiratory tracts (nose and throat). The bacteria do not cause disease in rats but can cause serious illness in humans.
Why does a dog get leptospirosis from a rat?
The potentially deadly infection is often caused by contaminated rodent urine in water or wet soil in poorly drained areas. The infection is zoonotic, meaning it can jump between animals and humans, and has the ability to cause organ failure and death.
What kind of diarrhea can a rat have?
Most infected rats have no signs, but a heavy infection of pinworms can cause diarrhea due to intestinal inflammation. The disease is diagnosed by identifying worms or their eggs in infected feces or on the area around the anus of the rat. Pinworm infections can be treated and controlled by using appropriate drugs prescribed by a veterinarian.
What kind of disease does a pet rat have?
Viral Infections. There are some viral infections that are more common with pet rats, including Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) and Seoul virus. LCM is a rare viral disease. It’s transmitted through the urine, feces, saliva, or other cage materials of rats (and other rodents).
What to do if your pet rat has pneumonia?
Rats often die from Streptococcus infections but you have a chance to save your rat if you start antibiotics before your pet rat develops pneumonia. Viral infections – Since a rat that is infected with a virus can transmit the infection to other rats and people, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends euthanasia of infected rats.
What causes breathing problems in a pet rat?
Streptococcus, Bordetella (the same bacteria that give your dog a cough), Pasteurella, and other types of bacteria can also cause breathing problems but are not as serious and mycoplasmosis. Viral infections – There are some viral infections that are more common with pet rats, including Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) and Seoul virus.
How to diagnose Nocardia in the CNS?
In the CNS the infection manifests as meningitis, granuloma with giant cells or cerebral abscesses 2 . Identification of Nocardia spp. in the clinical laboratory can be challenging: the organism may grow on cultures in intervals between 4 days to 2–4 weeks 1. This infection has no specific features to aid in suggesting the diagnosis.