What causes pneumonitis in cats?
Infectious pneumonia – This is the most common cause of pneumonia in cats. It is the result of a viral or bacterial infection in the lungs and airways. Aspiration pneumonia – Cats can get pneumonia by inhaling a foreign material, which irritates the sensitive lining of the lungs.
Is there a vaccine for feline pneumonitis?
A commercially available modified live chlamydial vaccine against feline pneumonitis was tested in 26 cats for its ability to protect against aerosol challenge exposure to the feline pneumonitis strain of Chlamydia psittaci.
Why would a cat have a collapsed lung?
Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax is caused by underlying lung disease such as lung cancer, lung abscesses, heartworm disease, feline asthma, allergic bronchitis, tracheal rupture, foreign body migration, severe pneumonia, lung worms or flukes, or lung nodules caused by fungal infection.
How is bilateral tension pneumothorax difficult to diagnose?
Spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax is rare, estimated at 1.4-6% of pneumothoraces. They can occur with trauma, tumor, and iatrogenic causes (1). Bilateral tension pneumothorax can be difficult to diagnose. Breath sounds are often poor, but they tend to be equally poor on both sides.
How is a pneumothorax secondary to a Buffalo chest?
Diagnosis: Bilateral pneumothoraces secondary to a Buffalo chest. Each lung is enveloped in a pleural sac. The pleural sac consists of two serous membranes: the parietal pleura, which lines the thoracic wall, mediastinum and diaphragm; and the visceral pleura, which invests the lung.
Can a air leak cause a bilateral pneumothorax?
In the presence of an interpleural connection, an air leak on one side can result in bilateral pneumothoraces. This can be potentially life-threatening if it is under tension 9. There are few case reports of spontaneous bilateral pneumothoraces 10.
Can a pneumothorax cause circulatory failure?
Circulatory failure results from the increased pressure inside the chest cavity obstructing blood flow leaving of the heart as well as impeding blood flow returning to the heart from outside the chest. Spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax is rare, estimated at 1.4-6% of pneumothoraces. They can occur with trauma, tumor, and iatrogenic causes (1).