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What drug is commonly used for cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What drug is commonly used for cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Medications commonly used for HCM: Beta-adrenergic blockers such as atenolol (Tenormin) or propanolol (Inderal). These medications slow the heart rate, which enhances filling and relaxation of the pumping chambers.

What does atenolol do for cats?

Atenolol (brand name: Tenormin®) is a beta-blocker heart medication used to treat certain types of heart disease, high blood pressure, and abnormal heart rhythms in dogs, cats, and ferrets. Its use in cats, dogs, or ferrets to treat heart diseases is ‘off label’ or ‘extra label’.

What medications should be avoided with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Agents to reduce pre- or afterload (such as nitrate, ACE inhibitors, nifedipine-type calcium antagonists) are contraindicated with HOCM due to possible aggravation of the outflow tract obstruction.

Can you live a long life with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Contrary to the popular belief, people with HCM can live a long life, almost equal to the general population. However, they require frequent screening, medications, and supervised physical exertion. According to recent study, majority of the affected people have few or no symptoms.

Can you drink alcohol with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Limit Alcohol Consumption NYU Langone doctors recommend that people with this condition limit or avoid alcohol. Alcoholic drinks can worsen obstruction in the heart, which reduce blood flow to the body. Alcohol consumption can also promote weight gain, which can worsen symptoms.

Can a cat with heart failure take atenolol?

Atenolol does not decrease circulating NT-proBNP or troponin in cats with HCM prior to the onset of heart failure. 3 In a recent study, atenolol also did not prolong survival in cats with preclinical HCM when compared to cats that were not on atenolol. 4

How is atenolol used in the treatment of HOCM?

Especially important in HOCM, atenolol reduces dynamic outflow obstruction. In all hypertrophic disorders, the use of atenolol slows the snowball effect of excessive hypertrophy and thickening of the heart, and prolongs the time it takes to reach congestive heart failure.

How is clopidogrel used to treat ate in cats?

Within the last decade, clopidogrel has widely entered use as a therapy to attempt to prevent ATE in at-risk cats. This article will review the mechanism of action of clopidogrel, appropriate dosing, possible adverse effects, and potential survival benefits for patients who have suffered from an ATE.

How is enalapril used to treat CHF cats?

This class of drugs is indicated in patients suffering from congestive heart failure (CHF), and may also be helpful in asymptomatic patients (still controversial). When treating CHF cats, enalapril is usually combined with the diuretic furosemide to clear edema or effusion.